Binayak Ghosh

Binayak Ghosh

Online Learning and Decision Making for Real-Time Analytics of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Data (2018 - )

Enabled by recent technological advances, the field of radar remote sensing has entered the era of explosively-growing wide-swath Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) missions with short revisit times (1-6 days), such as Sentinel-1 and the planned Tandem-L and NISAR missions, providing an unprecedented wealth of topography and surface change time-series using interferometric SAR (InSAR) technique. Such data volume can be characterized with (i) huge volume and large variety; (ii) complexity and high dimension; (iii) partial unreliability; and (iv) correlation or similarity. Thus, for the retrieval of geophysical signal from InSAR time-series, the data should be classified, clustered and cleaned, performed by data analytics, to reliably detect anomaly changes and improve susceptibility in the areas affected by deformation due to natural and manmade hazards. In the state of- the-art literature for exploiting InSAR time-series data, the separation of geophysical signals from noise artifacts such as atmosphere and decorrelation can be divided into two main parts: (i) data processing for efficient estimation of the phase considering long stack of the data; and (ii) data analysis and decision. In brief, the main goal of this project is to develop a generic framework for real-time InSAR data analytics using the theory and methods from online machine learning and sequential decision making, and to design efficient algorithmic solutions for the retrieval of geophysical signals from SAR measurement. In particular, the concentration is on SAR data from Sentinel-1 satellite. On the online learning and classification side, the methodology is concentrated on online machine learning algorithms. Specific attention is given to submodular optimization. On the online decision making side, the basic method is sequential optimization with limited feedback, especially multi-armed bandit.

Peer-reviewed Publications (journal or conference)

  1. B. Ghosh, M. Motagh, M. Haghshenas Haghighi, M. Stefanova Vassileva, T. Walter, and S. Maghsudi (2021). Automatic detection of volcanic unrest using blind source separation with a minimum spanning tree based stability analysisIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing.

  2. B. Ghosh, M. Haghshenas Haghighi, M. Motagh, and S. Maghsudi (2021). Using Generative Adversarial Networks for extraction of InSAR  signals from large-scale Sentinel-1 Interferograms by improving tropospheric noise correctionISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., V-3-2021, 57–64.
  3. B. Ghosh, S. Garg, and M. Motagh (2022). Automatic flood detections from Sentinel-1 data using deep learning architectures.ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., V-3-2022, 201–208,

Other (presentations at conferences or preprints)

  1. B. Ghosh, M. Motagh, S. Maghsudi, and M.H. Haghighi. Reduction of tropospheric noise delay from large-scale interferograms using Generative Adversarial Networks. (Oral presentation), 40th Annual Scientific and Technical Conference of the DGPF, Stuttgart, Germany, 4 - 6 March 2020.
  2. B. Ghosh, M. Motagh, S. Maghsudi, and M.H. Haghighi. Automatic flood monitoring based on SAR intensity and interferometric coherence using machine learning. (Oral presentation), EGU General Assembly, Online, 4-8 May, 2020.

  3. B. Ghosh, M. Motagh, M.H. Haghighi, and T. Walter. Using minimal spanning tree based ICA optimization for volcanic unrest determination. (Oral presentation), EGU General Assembly, Online, 19-30 April, 2021.

  4. B. Ghosh, M.H. Haghighi, M. Motagh, and S. Maghsudi. Using generative adversarial networks for extraction of InSAR signals from large-scale Sentinel-1 interferograms by improving tropospheric noise correction,  (Oral presentation), ISPRS Congress, 4-10 July 2021.

  5. B. Ghosh, M. Motagh, S. Garg, M. Sips, D. Eggert. Deep learning, remote sensing and visual analytics to support automatic flood detection. (Oral presentation), EGU General Assembly, Vienna, Austria & Online, 23-27 May 2022.
  6. B. Ghosh, S. Garg, M. Motagh.Automatic flood detection from Sentinel-1 data using Deep learning architectures. (Oral presentation), ISPRS Congress, Nice, France, 6-11 June 2022.